Tooltip Categories: Equipment

Angle of View

Angle of View is a specification used to describe how ‘wide’ a lens can view a scene.  A 28mm lens on a full frame camera will have about a 75° angle of view, while a 200mm lens will have about 12°.  The shorter the focal length, the wider the angle […]

Quiet Shutter

Quiet Shutter mode is an option in some professional cameras to lesson the amount of noise that the camera makes during exposure. Generally this applies to DSLRs which have to move a mirror out of the way during exposure.  In most cases, the mirror moves up, but doesn’t drop back […]


A Meter is a device in your camera that helps you calculate the best exposure for the scene. Almost every digital camera will have a meter of some kind built into it.  Exposure / Light meters can be simple or very complex and provide options like spot metering. Meter is […]


Diopter is a measurement usually used for eyesight correction. If you have reading glasses, you will have a certain diopter correction that works best for you.  Many cameras allow you to set a diopter correction for your viewfinder so that you can use your camera without glasses. Adjust your diopter […]

Bounce Light

Bounce Light refers to a method of bouncing light (usually flash) off another surface before it reaches your subject.  Bounce light will provide a softer overall light but with less light hitting the subject than if the light was direct. Bounce light will also reflect the colour of the surface […]


FX is a Nikon term for their full frame sensor cameras.  This is to keep them from being confused with their DX lineup of lenses and cameras.  FX cameras can use DX lenses, but part of the sensor will be cropped out, so a different shooting mode is needed. Facebook […]


DX is a Nikon term for their APS-C format cameras.  DX cameras and lenses will have this designation on them.  As with all APS-C cameras, there is a 1.5x crop factor applied when looking at the focal length of the lens. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


XQD is a newer (2012) type of memory card designed to be faster than the SD and CF cards that are on the market.  These cards can offer speeds of 1 Gbit/s  to about 4 Gbit/s and storage capabilities beyond 2TB. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


CF refers to a type of memory card called “Compact Flash”. CF cards are larger than SD cards. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


SD refers to a type of memory card. The SD is an acronym for “Secure Digital”.  SD cards are small and now come in a variety of formats.  You can get Micro-SD cards for your phone which are very small, but come with a full SD card sized adapter. There […]


OLED is an acronym for Organic Light-Emitting Diode.   These  are very similar to LEDs, but are a newer technology offering better black display and better contrast. Generally OLED screens are thinner than LED screens. Newer cameras might have an OLED viewfinder with a LED display screen. Facebook Twitter Google + […]


LED is an acronym for Light-Emitting Diode.  LEDs are used for display screens and viewfinders in digital cameras. LED screens use an RGB colour format to display a digital image. LED Light Panels are becoming popular to use as a continual lighting source and are available in many sizes. Facebook […]


4K is an newer ultra high resolution video format. The “4K” refers to the 4096 pixels across that make up the frame. There are two types of 4K video format.  The ‘professional’ format is 4096 x 2160 (17:9) and referred to as 4K DCI. The more common format is 4K […]


16:9 is a common aspect ratio used in video.  It refers to the proportions of 16 units across to 9 units high. Video formats such as 1080 (1920×1080) or 720 (1280×720) are both common examples of the 16:9 aspect ratio used for video production. 16:9 is considered a wide screen […]


FPS is an acronym for Frames Per Second and refers to the number of frames (images) shown per second of video. FPS can refer to recording or playback.   You can record and one setting for FPS and playback at a different rate. A common frame rate is 30fps. Facebook Twitter […]


720p is a popular high definition resolution video format.  The name refers to 720 rows of pixels that make up each frame.  A full high resolution video would be 1080 pixels across x 1080 pixels down. The “P” stands for progressive, which means that each frame is a complete image, […]