Tooltip Categories: Software


HDR is an acronym for High Dynamic Range. It refers to a type of processing used to combine a series of images taken at different exposures and merged to create a higher dynamic range than you could get with a single images. One example would be a sunset where you […]


EXIF is an acronym for EXchangeable Image File format.  In simple terms, this is the data that is attached to images files when the camera captures an image.  Data such as aperture, shutter speed, ISO, GPS coordinates and so much more are added to the image file and can be […]

Pincushion Distortion

Pincushion Distortion is a term used to describe an effect in which lenses distort the sides of an image to bow in from the edges. This effect is generally unwanted and can be corrected with software. The opposite of Pincushion Distortion is Barrel Distortion. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin

Barrel Distortion

Barrel Distortion is a term used to describe an effect in which lenses distort the sides of an image to bow out towards the edges (like an old wooden barrel). This is usually found in photos taken with wide angle lenses. The opposite of Barrel Distortion is Pincushion Distortion. Facebook […]


A JPG (jay-peg) file is the most common file type used for digital photos.  It is a commonly used for sharing and posting online.  A JPG can be shot directly from a digital camera or saved from a software program. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


RAW is a term used to describe a file type that is by cameras to record all the data from the sensor. Each camera maker has their own version of a RAW file (Nikon: .NEF, Canon: .CRW, Sony: .ARW, etc).  Shooting in RAW over JPG will give you more data […]


WB is an acronym for White Balance. White Balance is a setting on your camera which is used to record the photo in a particular type of light.  You would use “Daylight” WB while outdoors, while you might use “Fluorescent” WB in an office setting.  Having the wrong WB setting […]


sRGB (Standard RGB) is a colour space used in digital photography. As the name ‘standard’ would imply, it is a widely used colour space and is very commonly used in web browsers and as a standard for printing. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


A megapixel (mp) is roughly a million pixels ( 1,048,576 – 220 to be exact). The most common use of Megapixels is to refer to the ‘size’ of a sensor.  A digital camera sensor may have 20mp. A higher number will mean that the sensor contains more pixels, but does […]

Chromatic Aberration

Chromatic Aberration (CA) is problem caused when lenses refract different wavelengths (colours) of light and the senor records this as a coloured fringe.  This is usually most visible on backlit subjects.  Higher quality lenses will cause less Chromatic Aberration in the same situation as a lower quality lens. This effect […]


Noise is a term used for the digital signal noise that appears in images at higher ISO settings.  To make a sensor more ‘light sensitive’, a higher ISO is used.  This creates more noise as you use higher and higher settings. Noise is generally an unwanted feature in a photo, […]


A Histogram is a chart that shows the exposure values of a digital images. It can be used when reviewing an image to see if you should adjust your exposure.  A histogram can also be used in software to help you adjust an image. Histograms can quickly show if an […]


CMYK is colour space usually used for printing.   It is an acronym that stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black. In a simple colour printer there may a separate toner for each colour, which combine to make up the many colours in your photo. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


RGB is an acronym that stands for Red, Green, Blue. RGB is considered a colour space that defines the look of the image by reading the pixel’s values of red green and blue to make up a specific colour.   An RGB value of 255, 255, 255 (white) means the pixel […]


A pixel is a single dot of color information. Thousands of pixels are combined to create a digital image. Each pixel will have only one colour. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin


Cropping is technique used after you have taken your shot and are editing the image in software.  Cropping is used to remove unwanted sections of the scene or to improve composition. Cropping is the most common, and easiest, form of editing a photo. Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin